家长秘籍:孩子良好英语阅读习惯的培养

18

There is a right way to read a book forpleasure, and a right way to read a book for learning. You can read a book forpleasure one time through and be just fine. You’ll get all you need out of thatone readingwhich is pleasure.

对于以娱乐为目的的阅读和以学习为目的的阅读,都有各自适合的阅读方法。你可以放松地读一本书,而且你会从书本中享受阅读的快乐。

1.jpg


However, it is harmful to assume that youshould approach academic reading the same way. In order to read and comprehenda book or article for school, you need to be much more intentional andstrategic. That is, if you want to earn a good grade!

然而,对于学习为目的的阅读,这样的方式却是行不通的。学习中,为了阅读并且理解一本学习用书或者文章,你需要更有意识更有策略。也就是说,如果想得到一个好成绩,就需要这样做。

2.jpg


Understandgenres and themes.

理解分类和主题

In most reading tests, the student is askedto read a passage and predict what might happen next. Prediction is a commonreading comprehension strategy. The purpose for this strategy is to make sureyou’re able to infer information from the clues in the text.

在许多阅读测试中,要求学生阅读文章并且预测接下来会发生什么。预测是一种常见的阅读理解策略,其目的就是确定你是否可以根据文章中的线索推测接下来的事情。

3.jpg


It is important to know something about thetype of text you’re reading, whether it is a nonfiction or a work of fiction.Understanding the genre of a book helps you make predictions about theaction--which helps you comprehend the action.

了解文章的类型是非常重要的,不管是不是小说作品。了解文章的类型可以帮助你预测接下来的情形,也帮助你理解情境。

4.jpg


Readwith tools.

借助工具阅读

Any time you read to learn (and not forpleasure),you should use active reading skills. There are good tools to use asyou read, and there are tools that are not so good to use.

在学习式阅读中(不是娱乐阅读),你应该使用有效的阅读技巧。在阅读时有好的工具,也有一些不如意的工具。

5.jpg


A pencil is a good tool. You can use apencil to make annotations in the margins of your text without doing anypermanent damage to the text.

铅笔是一种好工具,你可以用铅笔在边缘处做注释,并且不会对书本造成永久的伤害。

6.jpg


Another good tool is a pack of sticky notes.Use your notes to jot down thoughts, impressions, predictions, and questions asyou read.

另外一个好工具是一包便利贴。在阅读时使用便利贴简略记下你的想法、感受、预测和问题。

7.jpg


A highlighter, on the other hand, can be areally bad tool. Not only do you create some serious damage when you highlighta book, you also give yourself the false impression that you have accomplishedanything significant by doing so.

另一方面,记号笔是一种糟糕的工具,不仅仅会对书本造成严重的损害,还会带给自己一种已经完成了一些重要任务的假象(可能实际上并没有)。

8.jpg


The only thing you accomplish byhighlighting is marking passages that you may want to read again. But if apassage impresses you enough to highlight it, you must indicate why itimpresses you. Otherwise, you will go back to read isolated sentences and tryto remember why they were important.

记下一些你想要重新阅读的段落是唯一一件可以通过标记号来有效完成的事。但是如果一段文字令你印象非常深刻想要标记出来,你必须写明这段话为什么吸引你。否则,你可能会将注意力返回到其中某个单句上,或者花费时间来回忆这些句子为什么重要。

9.jpg


Workthe vocabulary skills.

运用词汇技巧

It’s a no-brainer that you should take thetime to identify and look up new and unfamiliar words as you read. But it’simportant to make a log book of those new words, and revisit them long afteryou’ve finished reading that book.

在阅读中,查找并确认新的和不熟悉的词汇是件容易的事情,但准备一个本子来记录这些新词,并且在读完书本后回顾这些新词也是非常重要的。

11.jpg


The more we study a subject, the more itsinks in. Be sure to keep a log book of new words and visit it often!

我们对一门课学习得越多,吸收的知识就越多。一定要准备一个笔记本来记录新词并时常温习。

Analyzethe title (and subtitles).

分析标题(和副标题)

The title is often the last thing to beadjusted once a writer has finished writing. Writers edit the text and identifythemes, make predictions, and make notations galore.

题目通常是作者写完文章后需要调整的部分。作者编辑文字并且确认主题,作出预测,并做出许多注释。

11.jpg


Many writers are surprised by the twistsand turns that come from the creative process. This is why, once a text iscompleted, the writer may reflect on the true message or purpose as a finalstep and come up with a new title. This means you can use the title as a clueto help you understand the message or purpose of your text.

许多作者都会对创作过程的曲折和转变感到惊讶。这也是为什么文章完成后,作者会把回顾传达的真实信息和目标作为最后一步,同时想一个新的标题。这意味着你可以以标题作为线索来帮助你理解文章的内容和目的。

13.jpg



格林希尔少儿英语推出纯外教上课独家定制课程,不仅可以实现跨平台,支持IOSAndroidMacPC,让您随时随地学英语,而且可以成为J博士的粉丝,享受独家英语免费视频的福利哦!详情请咨询QQ3156867942微信:greenhillmi电话:400-0510-513


Greenhill Education Consortium
—————————————————————————
公司地址:江苏省无锡市锡山区东亭中路20号晶石国际中心六楼
邮箱:admin@greenhilledu.com
联系电话:400-806-1833